Although dialysis can affect the kidneys at any stage of life, it usually occurs in the older age group and dialysis is considered a very serious disease, and it can lead to death if prompt treatment is delayed. Chronic kidney disease affects dental health, this is done through the relationship between the kidneys and urine. Chronic kidney disease can cause a decrease in urine output, and this leads to exposure to intestinal infection in the mouth and teeth. Chronic kidney disease also causes changes in the normal levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood, which causes irritation and damage. in the teeth.
Dialysis patients and oral health
There are several steps that dialysis patients must follow to maintain dental health:
- Good home care: You must take good home care of your teeth and mouth. This includes daily hygiene and the use of a healthy toothbrush.
- Regular visit to the dental clinic: It is necessary to make a regular visit to the dental clinic to carry out the process of cleaning and follow-up of the teeth and mouth.
- Follow the medical instructions: You must follow the medical instructions for the treatment of dialysis patients, and this includes following the authorized drug treatment and authorized preventive measures to maintain dental health.
- Correct nutrition: You must check the correct nutrition and avoid refined foods that cause irritation in the teeth.
- Innovative scientific treatment: Innovative scientific treatment may be used to treat chronic kidney disease and improve dental health.
There are many treatments available to treat dialysis patients, but there are also several steps that can be taken to maintain dental and oral health and avoid intestinal infection. It is very important to seek the help of a dentist to obtain the appropriate treatment and necessary care.
Causes of chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease can occur for several reasons, namely:
- Diabetes: If you have a high rate of diabetes in the long term, it can lead to damage to the renal cells in the kidney which leads to chronic kidney disease.
- High blood pressure: In the case of high blood pressure, high pressure can occur on the blood vessels that push blood to the kidney, which can lead to damage to the renal cells.
- Obesity: In the case of severe obesity, insulin and glucose disorders can occur, which leads to chronic kidney disease.
- Infection: Repeated kidney infections can lead to damage to the renal cells and the development of chronic kidney disease.
- Genetic factors: In some cases, chronic kidney disease can be linked to genetic factors, such as inherited swelling of the kidneys.
- External factors: Exposure to harmful external factors, such as solid salts in drinking water and smoking, can lead to chronic kidney disease.
- Also, the use of certain medications to treat a certain disease can lead to chronic kidney disease.
To prevent CKD, maintain normal blood sugar and blood pressure, focus on a healthy diet and exercise, and avoid smoking and exposure to harmful external factors.
You should also contact your doctor to check your general health status and diagnose and treat chronic kidney disease, if present.
Symptoms of chronic kidney disease
Signs seen in dialysis patients may include:
- Exhaustion: Feeling excessively thirsty and not wanting to drink.
- Vertigo: feeling dizzy in the head and heart.
- Diarrhea: frequent emptying of the bowels.
- Constipation: is the lack of desire to eat.
- Fever: Feeling of high temperature.
- Headache: feeling headache and permanent exhaustion.
- Bloody diarrhea: Diarrhea that contains an amount of blood.
- Swelling: a feeling of swelling in the skin.
Advice for dialysis patients
There are several steps that can be taken to deal with dialysis patients in dental clinics:
- Medical analysis: The dentist must do a good medical analysis of the patient to determine the possible causes of dialysis and its treatment.
- Pharmacological treatment: Pharmacological treatment may be applied to patients suffering from dialysis, which consists of the use of drugs intended for dialysis treatment and to reduce infection.
- Surgical treatment: In the event that drug treatment fails, the dentist may have to perform surgical treatment for patients suffering from dialysis.
- Physical therapy: Physical therapy can be used to improve the performance of the college
- Dialysis treatment
Dialysis treatment in dental clinics:
- Alternative treatment: In some cases, an alternative treatment such as innovative scientific treatment may be used for patients suffering from dialysis.
- Home care: Patients may have to recover at home after treatment in the clinic, and the family or nurses involved in the patient’s care must adhere to medical instructions and strictly follow the authorized treatment.
- Psychological treatment: Psychological treatment may be useful for patients suffering from dialysis, and a psychological factor can be used to deal with depression and stress that may occur during treatment.
It is very important that immediate treatment of dialysis disease be done to avoid the risk, and doctors and health workers must deal with patients with care, care, and friendly and preventive communication with the family to ensure effective and appropriate treatment.
Dental treatment for dialysis patients
When a patient is on dialysis, it is important that he receives the necessary medical treatment by the attending physician in charge of the kidney and stomach. However, in some cases dental treatment may be required as part of the general treatment.
In this case, the dentist can provide the necessary treatment to maintain healthy teeth and prevent infection, and communication must be made with the dentist and the deputy doctor concerned with the kidney and stomach to ensure that the treatment is commensurate with the general treatment of the patient.
In addition, it is important to work on maintaining good oral hygiene through daily brushing of the teeth and gums, and to deal with any missing teeth when needed.
Risks of dental procedures for kidney patients
As with any medical procedure, there are some risks associated with dental treatment for dialysis patients. These risks may include:
- Infection: In the case of infection in the mouth, it can complicate dental treatment and the necessary medical treatment instructions.
- Pain: In the case of pain related to the treatment process, pain medications can be used to relieve pain.
- Electric shock: In the case of electric shock as a result of the use of an electric machine for treatment, a doctor can be consulted to mitigate the shock.
- Tissue injury: In the event of tissue injury as a result of treatment, the necessary intervention can be taken to mitigate the injury.
To mitigate these risks, you must communicate with the dentist and the deputy doctor concerned with the kidney and stomach to ensure that dental treatment is commensurate with the general treatment that the patient receives, and it must also be ensured that dental treatment is carried out in a specialized clinic.
In the end, it must be ensured that dental treatment is carried out in an accredited hospital and by dental specialists. It is worth mentioning that after a kidney transplant or dialysis, dental treatment may require modifications in the general treatment of dialysis patients.